Key Information About Receding Gums
Gum recession occurs when the gum tissues which surround the teeth wear off or get pulled backwards. This exposes the tooth a little more and it appears longer than natural. In some cases, even the roots of the tooth get exposed. Thus spaces or pockets form between the gum line and your teeth, and serves as a great residing place for bacteria. If you do not treat this condition, your gum tissues and bones would damaged, which may eventually lead to bone and teeth loss.
Generally, gum recession is a symptom of a more serious gum disease that is about to develop. It is a fairly common problem and a large number of individuals go through it.
The symptoms of gum recession appear gradually so many people do not realize they are suffering from it. In most cases, the first warning sign is tooth sensitivity. Your teeth would also appear to be longer than they actually are.
There are several reasons as to why you may be suffering from receding gums. Here are some main ones.
- Periodontal Disease: An oral disease signifies that there is bacterial infection in your mouth, which destroys the gum tissues and the entire support system of your teeth. Since the tissues get damaged, your gums recede backwards.
- Genes: If there is a history of gum diseases in your family, then there is a good chance that you might suffer from it as well, even if you maintain good oral practices.
- Aggressive Brushing: Brushing your teeth vigorously destroys the enamel and your gum tissues, which make them recede backwards.
- Poor Dental Care: If your oral hygiene is poor, then plaque and tartar builds on your teeth, promoting bacterial growth. These bacteria damage you tissues and you suffer from gum recession.
The treatment of gum recession varies with the stage of your disease. If it is in the initial stages, your dentist would probably deep clean the affected area, which in other words is actually scaling and planing. This removes plaque and tartar not only from the surface of your teeth, but also from the roots. If there are any exposed roots, they are smoothed out so that a fresh surface free of bacteria emerges from underneath. Along with this, your dentist might also give you antibiotics to kill the bacteria.
However, if your gum recession has advanced and you have either suffered from bone loss or developed deep pockets, then a surgery will have to be performed. There are several surgical procedures and a dentist would advise you a suitable one after a thorough examination.
One treatment procedure is known as pocket reduction in which the dentist puts a small incision in your gums. Through these cuts, the gums are folded backwards and the underlying bacteria are removed. Once done, the gum tissue is attached so that the exposed root is recovered. In other treatments, your gum tissues are regenerated once again by utilizing tissue from the roof of your mouth or another suitable site.
There are several ways you can prevent gum recession. Maintain good oral care, eat a well balanced diet and avoid products that harm your teeth.
The Bottom Line
Gum recession should be taken seriously because if the disease is left untreated, the effects are quite adverse. If you notice any of the symptoms of receding gums, be sure to visit your dentist immediately. He will examine your condition and accordingly guide you to a suitable treatment plan.